International Nelson Mandela Day reminds every individual regarding Nelson Mandel’s contribution to fighting against the apartheid of African society. His revolutionary movement marks the beginning of new justice and equality in the human race.
Every individual has the right to live with dignity and freedom. Mandela imparted this ideology over to the generations creating global importance.
Not just in Africa, others countries like India have been witnessing discrimination based on sex, caste, gender and race for more than centuries. Unlike Mandela, leaders like Ambedkar, Mahatma Gandhi, Periyar and many such leaders endowed their lives to eradicate discrimination across the nation.
The majority of the Indian rural sector still lies under the sheets of discrimination. As per the NCRB report of 2020, crimes against Dalits have increased by 9.4%. Subsequently, various rape cases and violence against women and children. Uttar Pradesh still leads the list, followed by Bihar, Gujarat and Haryana.
The denial of their fundamental rights is a criminal offence. The Indian Penal Code, 1860 (Section 153 A), criminalizes the use of offensive language, creating violence against any individual based on race, sex, birth or any identity. Articles 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of the Constitution of India emphasize the fundamental rights of every citizen and its denial is subjective to legal actions. Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 and Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 are some of the significant rights in Indian Law.